The National Council applies to the National Regulatory Authorities of European countries - Національна рада України з питань телебачення і радіомовлення

The National Council applies to the National Regulatory Authorities of European countries

Against the background of deepening Russia’s armed aggression against Ukraine, the monitoring of the National Council of Ukraine on Television and Radio Broadcasting shows an unprecedented and enormous increase in propaganda of war and incitement to enmity in the media and by the media of the Russian Federation against Ukraine and the Ukrainian People.

Since Russia’s recognition of the temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine as independent republics and the deployment of troops in their territory, the Russian media has launched an information campaign to justify Russia’s aggressive policy against Ukraine and the main rationale for further escalation of the conflict.

The propaganda activities of the Russian media are carried out through provocations, stimulation and incitement, the use of offensive language and manipulation of facts that have nothing to do with the standards of professional journalism. The feature of the widespread rhetoric of war, according to the National Council monitoring, is the intention to form a positive perception of the war, justify its necessity, its timeliness, to explain its rational purpose, to justify its permissibility, the moral and material feasibility of the war against Ukraine.

Discriminatory, insulting and provocative vocabulary, in particular the terms “Nazis”, “fascists”, is systematically used for this purpose in relation to the Ukrainian People, the Armed Forces of Ukraine, law enforcement bodies and authorities of Ukraine, Ukraine’s allies in the fight against Russian aggression, in order to stigmatize them, comparing them with generally accepted historical examples and examples of misanthropy.

The purpose of the Russian media with regard to coverage of the confrontation between Ukraine and Russia is to sow fear and hatred towards individual citizens of Ukraine and the state as a whole, to incite national hatred, aggravate and destabilize the social and political situation in Ukraine.

The Decisions of the National Council of Television and Radio Broadcasting of Ukraine have suspended the retransmission of more than seventy Russian TV channels, which Ukraine sees as a forced measure to counter Ukraine’s national security threats aimed at protection against aggression but not fighting against freedom of speech, as Russian propagandists and representatives of the country’s political leadership are trying to put it.

We are confident that the facts of rude violations of the standards of journalism and neglection of the international law by certain media will be properly assessed by EU and European National Regulatory Authorities, but we would like to kindly ask you to take active action to reduce their harmful effects right now, because the intensification of the information warfare is aimed at arrangement and strengthening of the real armed combat operations.

European countries license and distribute (retransmit), TV programme services of Russian origin or TV programme services, the editorial policy decisions of which are taken in the territory of the Russian Federation. As far as we know, a number of these TV programme services are directly or substantially funded by the Russian government precisely in order to promote the war. Such propaganda, namely the coverage of events and news in a way favourable to hide the aggressive intentions and real actions of the government of the Russian Federation poses hybrid threats to security not only in Ukraine but also in all countries of the European continent.

In the light of the above we would like to apply to the National Regulatory Authorities of European countries to pay special attention to the propaganda activities of Russian TV channels in your countries in order to reduce its destructive impact.

Mr Ľuboš Kukliš
Chairperson
European Platform of Regulatory Authorities
Lubos.kuklis@rvr.sk
office@rvr.sk
machet@epra.org

 Dear Mr Kukliš,

Let me take this opportunity to express the deep respect for you on behalf of the National Council of Ukraine of Television and Radio Broadcasting and on my own behalf.

We highly appreciate the activities of the European Platform of Regulatory Authorities, aimed at strengthening the European media landscape and supporting the partnership dialogue between the members of the Platform. With this letter we would kindly apply for your support during this extremely difficult time for Ukraine.

Against the background of deepening Russia’s armed aggression against Ukraine, the monitoring of the National Council of Ukraine on Television and Radio Broadcasting shows an unprecedented and enormous increase in propaganda of war and incitement to enmity in the media and by the media of the Russian Federation against Ukraine and the Ukrainian People.

Since Russia’s recognition of the temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine as independent republics and the deployment of troops in their territory, the Russian media has launched an information campaign to justify Russia’s aggressive policy against Ukraine and the main rationale for further escalation of the conflict.

The propaganda activities of the Russian media are carried out through provocations, stimulation and incitement, the use of offensive language and manipulation of facts that have nothing to do with the standards of professional journalism. The feature of the widespread rhetoric of war, according to the National Council monitoring, is the intention to form a positive perception of the war, justify its necessity, its timeliness, to explain its rational purpose, to justify its permissibility, the moral and material feasibility of the war against Ukraine.

Discriminatory, insulting and provocative vocabulary, in particular the terms “Nazis”, “fascists”, is systematically used for this purpose in relation to the Ukrainian People, the Armed Forces of Ukraine, law enforcement bodies and authorities of Ukraine, Ukraine’s allies in the fight against Russian aggression, in order to stigmatize them, comparing them with generally accepted historical examples and examples of misanthropy.

The purpose of the Russian media with regard to coverage of the confrontation between Ukraine and Russia is to sow fear and hatred towards individual citizens of Ukraine and the state as a whole, to incite national hatred, aggravate and destabilize the social and political situation in Ukraine.

The propaganda activities of Russian journalists have been recognized at the level of the Council of the European Union, by decisions of European courts and regulators.

The Implementing Decision 2014/151/CFSP dated 21 March 2014 of the Council of the European Union Council imposed personal sanctions on Russian media representatives for actions that undermine or threaten the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine.

On June 15, 2017, the Judgment of the General Court (Ninth Chamber) with regard to the case T-262/15 “D.K. Kiselev v Council of the European Union” stated that the Russian journalist and presenter D. Kiselyov was one of the central figures in the governmental propaganda that supported the deployment of Russian troops in Ukraine. Thus, at the international level it was recognized that one of the key journalists of the Russian Federation D. Kiselyov is a person who threatens peace, security, stability, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine.

European Media Regulators have repeatedly imposed sanctions on Russian TV channels, including for propaganda of war, incitement to hostility and hatred, and other offenses:

By the Decision of the National Electronic Mass Media Council (NEPLP) of April 3, 2014, it was recognized that the “Vesti Nedelya” programmes of March 2 and 16, 2014, in which D. Kiselev participated, contained military propaganda justifying Russian military intervention in Ukraine and comparing the defenders of the Ukrainian democracy with the Nazis.

The NEPLP Decision № 12 of January 31, 2019 prohibited the retransmission (including distribution) of the programme service “RTR Russia”, produced by the “All-Russian State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company”, in the territory of Latvia for 3 months from the date of entry into force of this Decision, subject to the national law and the EU Directive 2010/13, which require States to ensure that audiovisual media services do not contain incitement to hatred and violence based on race, gender, religion or nationality.

By the Decision of the Radio and Television Commission of Lithuania (LRTK) of May 18, 2016, the distribution of the Russian TV channel “NTV MIR LITHUANIA” was restricted, being left available only to pay-per-view packages, due to broadcast on April 15, 2016 of the programme “Special Event: Investigation”, which contained information that incites hatred based on nationality.

The Decisions of the National Council of Television and Radio Broadcasting of Ukraine have suspended the retransmission of more than seventy Russian TV channels, which Ukraine sees as a forced measure to counter Ukraine’s national security threats aimed at protection against aggression but not fighting against freedom of speech, as Russian propagandists and representatives of the country’s political leadership are trying to put it.

We are confident that the facts of rude violations of the standards of journalism and neglection of the international law by certain media will be properly assessed by EU and European National Regulatory Authorities, but we would like to kindly ask you to take active action to reduce their harmful effects right now, because the intensification of the information warfare is aimed at arrangement and strengthening of the real armed combat operations.

European countries license and distribute (retransmit), TV programme services of Russian origin or TV programme services, the editorial policy decisions of which are taken in the territory of the Russian Federation. As far as we know, a number of these TV programme services are directly or substantially funded by the Russian government precisely in order to promote the war. Such propaganda, namely the coverage of events and news in a way favourable to hide the aggressive intentions and real actions of the government of the Russian Federation poses hybrid threats to security not only in Ukraine but also in all countries of the European continent.

In the light of the above we would like to apply to the National Regulatory Authorities of European countries to pay special attention to the propaganda activities of Russian TV channels in your countries in order to reduce its destructive impact.

Please accept, Mr Kukliš, the assurances of my highest consideration. We deeply and sincerely hope for your support.

Yours sincerely,

Olha Herasymiuk
Chair of the National Council of Television
and Radio Broadcasting of Ukraine

 

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